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by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

Internetworking started as a way to connect disparate types of computer networking technology. Computer network term is used to describe two or more computers that are linked to each other. When two or more computer LANs or WANs or computer network segments are connected using devices such as a router and configure by logical addressing scheme with a protocol such as IP, then it is called as computer internetworking.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

Types of Computer Networks can be classified on various properties. The Computer networks can also be classified on the basis of Computer network technology used by them. There are two types of Computer networks in this category.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

Router: Routers are devices (computers) containing software that help in determining the best path out of the available paths, for a particular transmission. They consist of a combination of hardware and software. The hardware includes the physical interfaces to the various networks in the internet work. The two main pieces of software in a router are the operating system and the routing protocol.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

WAN is the acronym for, Wide Area Network and refers to a network used to connect different equipments from remote areas. This technology connects sites that are in diverse locations. Wide Area Networks (WANs) connect larger geographic area, such as New York, Canada, or the world. The geographical limit of WAN is unlimited. Dedicated transoceanic cabling or satellite uplinks may be used to connect this type of network. Hence, a WAN may be defined as a data communications network that covers a relatively broad geographic area to connect LANs together between different cities with the help of transmission facilities provided by common carriers, such as telephone companies. WAN technologies function at the lower three layers.            

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

The IEEE 802.3 standard is popularly called as Ethernet. It is a bus based broadcast network with decentralized control. It can operate at 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps or above. Computers on an Ethernet can transmit whenever they want to do so. If two or more machines transmit simultaneously, then their packets collide. Then the transmitting computers just wait for an arbitrary time and retransmit their signal. There are various technologies available in the LAN market but the most popular one of them is Ethernet.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

The transmission technology can be categorized broadly into two types:

1. Broadcast networks and

2. Point-to-point networks.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network
  1. In the peer to peer computer network model we simply use the same Workgroup for all the computers and a unique name for each computer in a computer network.
  2. There is no master or controller or central server in this computer network and computers join hands to share files, printers and Internet access.
  3. It is practical for workgroups of a dozen or less computers making it common environments, where each PC acts as an independent workstation and maintaining its own security that stores data on its own disk but which can share it with all other PCs on the network.


  4. Software for peer-to-peer network is included with most modern desktop operating systems such as Windows and Mac OS.


 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

In "frequency shift keying (FSK)", the frequency of a sinusoidal carrier is shifted between two discrete values. One of these frequencies (f1) represents a binary "1" and the other value (f0) represents a binary "0". The representation of digital data using FSK is as shown in Fig. Note that there is no change in the amplitude of the carrier.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

A protocol is a set of mutually accepted and implemented rules at both ends of the communications channel for the proper exchange of information. Protocols comprise standards which, at a basic level, include the dimensions of line setup, transmission mode, code set, and non-data exchanges of information such as error control (detection and correction).



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Network

LAN looks like an acronym that a board of directors spent a lot of money and time trying to create, but it actually stands for any generic local area network. A network is a group of computers and other devices connected together so they can pass information back and forth.



 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to contact us.



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