by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

A computer network can be classified into different categories. Different criteria are used to classify computer networks. Following are the criteria widely used.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

The access point (abbreviated AP or WAP (for wireless access point)), is a networking hardware device, such as a wireless router, that transmits and receives data (sometimes referred to as a transceiver) and also can serve as the bridge between the WAP device and a wired LAN (Local Area Network), which facilitates connectivity between nearby wireless clients. A WAP (also known as a hotspot) acts as a central transmitter and receiver of wireless radio signals.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Data Communication or Network Communication: It is the process of transporting data or information from one device to another.The channel or physical connection (path) through which the information is carried from sender(Source or origin) to the receiver(destination) is established using either cable (Physical media) or wireless media. The physical cable like twisted pair wire, coaxial cable, fiber-optic cable or wireless media like laser, radio waves, and microwaves.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Many of today’s devices rely heavily on access to your office network and the Internet. In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to connect devices to the company network.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Setting up and securing a wireless router in your office is something anyone can do. Here, we’ll take you step-by-step through the physical installation and setup of a wireless router.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Internet access has become a standard feature on most of our mobile devices. But there’s more than one way to connect to the Web with those devices these days. In this article, we’ll help you determine what you need in order to get started with each of these technologies and explain a bit about why you would want to choose one over the other or perhaps go with both.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) is the result of an initiative launched in 2001 by the WiMAX Alliance. Its aim was to promote the IEEE 802.16 standard by proposing to verify compliance and equipment interoperability. As we shall see, many options have been proposed to achieve communication.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

The quality of service is essential to ensure the transfer of real time data such as voice or video. Such services require isochronous transfers, that is to say data transfers that enable to vary the time between the different frames of the same transmission. In the case of a video application, for example, over this period, the greater the quality deteriorates, whether audible or visual. To minimize this delay, priority mechanisms were introduced by an extension to the 802.11 standard, called 802.11e.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

With pre-IEEE 802.11n products, the maximum speed reached in late 2007 is 108 Mbit / s, that is to say double the IEEE 802.11a and 802.11g standards. This flow rate is achieved by increasing the density of transmitted bits. Technological advances are such in the field of radio transmission it is now possible to improve greatly this flow. 802.11n networks offer a potential gross rate of 540 Mbit / s. In fact, the actual flow rate is much lower and is of the order of 100 Mbit/s in the best case.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

The IEEE 802.15 group was set up in March 1999 to reflect on wireless networks with a range of ten meters, or WPAN (Wireless Personal Area Network), with the aim of making connections between different portable one user or multiple users. This type of network can connect a laptop, cell phone, PDA or any other device of this type. Three service groups were defined, A, B and C.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Ethernet networks at 10 Mbit/s were the first to be introduced in the market. They still represent a significant proportion, although standards to 100 Mbit/s tend to supplant them. This section reviews the various products of the Ethernet shared working at a speed of 10 Mbit/s.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Another solution to obtain a broadband distribution network is to use the wiring of cable operators, when it exists. This wiring has long been made of CATV (cable TV), whose bandwidth exceeds 800MHz easily. Today, this infrastructure is slightly modified by the introduction of systems HFC (Hybrid Fiber/Coax), combining a fiber portion between the head end and the beginning of the service by the CATV. This topology is illustrated in Figure.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

When the frames transmitted on the PON are Ethernet, EPON talking. The features of this network are identical to those of the other PON: distribution throughout the network, where only the station specified in the Ethernet frame can retrieve the information conveyed. The standardization of EPON technology is performed by the IEEE 802.3ah group. This group has several objectives, including that of introducing Ethernet in the local loop under the name of EFM (Ethernet in the First Mile). The objective was to replace the ATM technology, very expensive to implement on a multipoint technology, the Ethernet technology.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

On the Passive Optical Network (PON), it is possible to transit ATM cells according to the technique developed by the working group FSAN (Full Service Access Network). This solution was then standardized in G.983 recommendation ITU-T. Both ends of the optical shaft are called OLT (Optical Line Termination) and ONU (optical network unit). For reasons of energy loss, it is not possible to exceed fifty branches on the trunk. The figure illustrates the architecture of a passive optical network.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

The function of the network layer is to provide an end-to-end communication capability to the transport layer, which lies above it as shown in Figure. The OSI reference model specifies that the transport layer need not know the method by which the network layer performs communications.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

The Ethernet frame is designed to transport packets in enterprise networks by an original method for broadcasting on a local network. This solution gave birth shared Ethernet, in which the broadcast frame is transmitted and where only the station that recognizes the right to copy the information. To this solution dissemination has added Ethernet switching.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

How to encode the digital signal is an important function of coupler communication. This main function is to adapt the signals transmission channel. In the case of local networks, the transmission rate is tens or hundreds of megabits per second. Therefore, the choice of representation Physical data is important. To perform the synchronization bit, that is to say, to ensure that each bit is read at the right time, you need a minimum of transitions are made to extract the clock signal.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Before transmitting information on a transmission medium, it must be encoded of adequately. Networks must allow very high speeds over distances more or shorter. In this context, three approaches are possible for coding bits from applications:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

ISO (International Standardization Organization) standard has its own architecture as the OSI (Open Systems Interconnection). The architecture ISO is the first to be defined, and so relatively parallel to the Internet. The distinction between the two is that the ISO formally defines the different layers architecture, while the Internet architecture is applied to achieve a practical environment.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

The MAC layer is the "Brain" of WiFi. The first version of 802.11 (the 802.11 legacy published in 1997), defined the MAC layer by incorporating a number of features crucial, such as sharing of speech among users, the terms of network connection, error control or security.

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.