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by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Analog is best explained by the transmission of signal such as sound or human speech, over an electrified copper wire. In its native form, human speech is an oscillatory disturbance in the air. Which varies in terms of its volume or power (amplitude) and its pitch or tone (frequency)? Analogous variations in electrical or radio waves are created in order to transmit the analog information signal for video or audio or both over a network from a transmitter (TV station or CATV source) to a receiver (TV set, computer connected with antenna). At the receiving end an approximation (analog) of the original information is presented.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Data link layer is the second layer in OSI reference model and lies above the physical layer. The data link layer performs the following functions.

1. Data link layer receives the data from the network layer & divide it into manageable units called frames.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Transmission is the method by which computer networks send electrical signals. Data communication is concerned with the process of exchanging data electronically between two communication devices. In a local area network, all communication functions are performed through direct cables. Computers located far away are connected through a special form of data communication link. The existing telephone or telegraphic network may also be used for connecting computers located at remote locations.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Computers are digital in nature. Computers process, store, and communicate information in binary form, i.e. in the combination of 1s and 0s which has specific meaning in computer language. A binary digit (bit) is an individual 1 or O. Multiple bit streams are used in a computer network.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

When data is being transmitted from one machine to another, it may be possible that data become corrupted on its, way. Some of the bits may be altered, damaged or lost during transmission. Such a condition is known as error.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

The most and latest wireless communication use electromagnetic airwaves either infrared or radio frequency to communicate information from one point wireless communication networks to another wireless communication networks Point. Without relaying on a physical connection. Radio waves are often referred to as radio carriers because they simply perform the function of delivering energy to a remote receiver.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

We are talking of Wireless LAN (WLAN) that is to say, "Wireless LAN", not to be confused with WAN course. Also referred Radio LAN (WLAN) if the communication medium is the radio (not light infrared for example).The stations of the wireless network can communicate directly with each other, we called Ad Hoc network type, or via relay terminals called APs (Access Points, PA) then it is an infrastructure network. the second type is by far the most common in business.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Broadband A communications medium that can carry a wide range of signal frequencies, typically from audio up to video frequencies. In telecommunications the significance of a broadband system is that it can carry television and videoconferencing data as well as voice calls. A broadband medium can be made to carry many signals at once by apportioning its total bandwidth into many independent channels, each of which carries only a specific range of frequencies. In contrast, a BASEBAND can carry only a single channel. ATM, ADSL and Cable TV are all broadband media, while standard ISDN barely qualifies.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Generally, some people use the term "Ethernet" or ether refers to cable. Ethernet was the original product designed by Xerox PARC based on Bob Metcalfe's idea. It was later upgraded to 10 Mbps by Xerox, Intel and DEC.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Communication Networks

Gigabit Ethernet or GbE, is the penultimate evolution of Ethernet standard. Several improvements have been made for it to Fast Ethernet at 100 Mbit/s.

The new interface is called modified GMII (Gigabit Media Independent Interface). It includes a data path 8 bits, instead of 4 in the less powerful version. The transceivers operate with a clock operating at 125 MHz.



 

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