by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

The disk controller is circuitry on the computer's motherboard or on a plug-in circuit board that controls the operation of your hard disk drive, floppy disk drives, or both. When the computer wants to transfer data to or from the disk, it tells the disk controller. The controller in turn sends electronic commands to the disk drive making the disk spin and move its magnetic heads to the proper location on the disk. The controller then transfers the data between the computer and the disk drive. The computer's OPERATING SYSTEM and BIOS issue commands directly to the controller to BOOT the computer and to access files stored on the disks. 



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Firmware is a category or class of memory chips which contain information that is permanent (meaning it isn't erased when you shut off your computer or when the power suddenly goes out on a dark and stormy night). The best examples of firmware are theROM chips in your computer that contain programs installed at the factory. Firmware cannot be altered, per se, but in some cases the whole chip can be completely replaced by a technician when it becomes outdated or obsolete.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Secondary memory is also known as secondary storage. The secondary memory is accessed indirectly via input/output operations. This memory is also called permanent, external, stable or persistent memory. It is characterised by its slowness and cheapness, relative to the RAM, and by its permanent appearance.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

IBM Disc Electronics or Integrated Drive Electronics is more commonly known as ATA or Parallel ATA (PATA) and is a standard interface for IBM compatible hard drives.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Definition: RAM Disk is also known as RAM Drive. A RAM disk is not a disk at all; It is a program which takes the portion of the system memory (RAM, in the form of memory chips) and uses it as a disk drive. You can create a larger RAM disk, if your computer has more RAM.

A RAM disk can also take the form of a hardware device or a virtual disk. RAM drive makes use of regular RAM instead of accessing the data bus. Sometimes RAM drive also makes use of the compressed file system, so that compressed data can access but without decompressing the compressed data.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Definition: VRAM (pronounced "vee ram") stands for video random access memory or video RAM. It is a particular type of memory used on some video adapters to speed up the display of images on the screen. VRAM costs more than regular RAM (DRAM, dynamic RAM), but it does make the screen snappier. VRAM is the random access memory which is used to store the image and video data which is being displayed by the computer, or you can say that it will serve as a buffer between the CPU (Central Processing Unit) and video card.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

The principle form of electronic MEMORY used in computers prior to the invention of semiconductor memory chips. It consisted of thousands of tiny rings called cores, made from a magnetic FERRITE material and each threaded onto three fine copper wires: the whole formed a two-dimensional mesh much like a knitted textile.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Definition: EEPROM (pronounce as "E-E-PROM") stands for Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory. It is a non-volatile ROM chip which used for storing a small amount of data in computers or some other electronic devices. Through EEPROM, an individual byte of data can erase and reprogrammed entirety, not selectively by the electrical voltage.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Definition: ECC Memory stands for Error-Correcting Code Memory is a type of RAM that adds error detection and correction circuitry to automatically detect and correct single-bit memory errors in any of the chip. As the name of the memory suggests, ECC memory is a kind of memory that can identify and fix the most common data error, but it used for single-bit memory errors.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Understanding RAM on a PC gets pretty complicated, especially if you're using DOS instead of Windows. If your system is working okay already, don't bother with this information because it's pretty technical. But if you're running out of memory-if certain programs won't run or you can't create large files-you need some background knowledge before you march down and buy more memory. You may already have enough!



 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.



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