by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Tremendous amounts of content get created everyday in organization. Most organizations do not have a structured approach to managing such content. However, there is a need for having a scientific approach towards content and its management especially in the digital environment where content gets created and updated much faster. A content management is therefore required in organizations to support the organization and to keep track of the huge volume of content that gets created everyday.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Organizations are structured in several ways. In some cases the functional roles and specializations form the basis of the segregation of groups into homogenous entities like departments, etc., while in other cases, logical business of the organization becomes the basis for segregation like divisions based on product categories, geographies (particularly related to markets) and also customer types? Organizational activities arranged in the form of a hierarchy can be based on the following types:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Organizations and management are concepts that are very important for the understanding of MIS. Organization is the crucible in which MIS operates and management is the reason for its existence. Any understanding of MIS is incomplete without a discussion on organization and management. Organization and its structure play an important role in MIS as different levels of employees have different levels of authority.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Different kinds of system may be understood as

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

A Business Expert System (BES) is a knowledge based information system, which is based on artificial intelligence. A Knowledge Based information system adds a knowledge base that uses its knowledge about a specific, complex application area to act as an expert. 



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

 DSS is an information system application that helps in decision-making. DSS is used in planning and analyzing alternatives. DSS differs from most traditional information system in that each DSS is distinct from the other information system and is specifically made for managers.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Executive Support System (ESS) is an extension of the management information system, which is a special kind of DSS; An ESS is specially developed for the use of chief executive of an organization to support his decision-making.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Office automation refers to the application of computer and communication technology to office functions. Office automation systems are meant to improve the productivity of managers at various levels of management by providing secretarial assistance and better communication facilities.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Decision Support System refers to a class of systems which support in the process of decision making and does not always give a decision it self. Decision Support Systems (DSS) are a specific class of computerized information system that supports business and organizational decisionmaking activities.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

The discipline of MIS can be categorized in the following 6 classes:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Structure of MIS may be understood by looking at the physical components of the information system in an organization. The physical components of an organizational information system may be hardware, software, database, manual procedures and operating persons. A brief description of these components has been outlined in the following paragraphs: 



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Functional Information System is based on the various business functions such as Production,  Marketing, Finance and Personnel etc. These departments or functions are known as functional areas of business. Each functional area requires applications to perform all information processing related to the function. The popular functional areas of the business organization are:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Formal Information System: It is based on organizational chart represented by the organization.

Informal Information System: it is an employee based system designedto meet personal and vocational needs and to help in the solution of workrelatedproblems. It also funnels information upward through indirectchannels. It works within the framework of the business and its stated policies.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

The word system is derived from the Greek word “system” which means a organized relationship among the following unit or component. "A system is an orderly grouping of interdependent components linked together according to a plan to achieve a specific goal". 

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: System Design

Conceptual design in itself is not the end of the design process, rather it servers as a basis for the detailed MIS design. The performance requirements specified by the conceptual design become inputs to the detailed design phase, in which these are further refined, detailed and finalized to be called the system specifications.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: System Design

Output from a system is regarded as the main determinant of the system's performance, output from the system are affected by the input to the system.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: System Design

In the conceptual design, the feasibility of meeting the management objectives for the MIS is assessed and a broad picture of the system is analyzed. It involves the following steps:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Decision Making

Decision-making techniques can be classified in terms of decision-making in situations of certainty, uncertainty and risk. In certainty where the outcomes are certain, no decision-making tool is required as the outcomes are certain to occur and hence anyone can take the correct decision (the obvious one). However, decision-making under risk means that the probability values associated with the success and failure of outcomes is known but the outcomes are by no means certain. In these kinds of situations, one can use the decision tree method to take decisions.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Decision Making

Bounded rationality is a term first coined by Herbert Simon. Simon challenged the concept of a rational man in classical and neoclassical economic theories and argued that the rationality of man is bounded by certain limitations. He opined that even though rational thinking, deductive reasoning and logic are good for solving theoretical problems.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Decision Making

Decisions are of varying complexity. Some decisions are routine, simple and easy to take Knowledge about such decisions is very well known. The outcomes of each alternative of such decisions are well known and certain.

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.