by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

The concept of quality has changed over time. The awareness about quality started in the early half of the twentieth century but back then quality was considered more of a technical issue and the onus of quality was vested in a department, which was called quality control department. As the name of the department suggests; quality was a control issue, and hence statistical quality control techniques were developed to keep a 'control' over the quality. However, with time and with Japanese influence, this concept has changed.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Planning is the key to success in developing a good IS. IS planning brings to focus the reason for existence of the IS and helps the developers to undertake the task of development of IS in a structured manner. Organizations undertake planning for IS for several reasons. Typically IS, plans have a hierarchy with different levels of management handling different plans.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

One has to plan the information which the management information system will churn out for the different levels of management. The report structures, information flow, storage, information capture and its strategy, network, applications and security are all planned and designed before the system is created.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

The Strategic of information systems planning is explained below.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

The degree of success of any information management initiative or intervention in an organization depends upon the approach of the management of the organization towards such an initiative. If the approach is short term and the benefits or objectives envisaged is too narrow, then the information system remains only of marginal value.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Several categories of IS and BS relationships exit. Primarily, such relationships indicate the extent of maturity of an organization in the use of IS. An organization that uses IS for bringing in efficiency in its business processes is looking at IS from a different prism than an organization that is looking at IS to provide it with insights on how to be more competitive. The organizations are at different levels of maturity.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Information systems when used for providing information to managers for their decision-making needs become a management information system. The goal of such information systems is to provide relevant information to management so that it helps in its functioning.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

McKinsey developed this model in the 1970's to determine the ease or ability of an organization to adapt to change. The primary focus of this model is on coordination. It is an excellent tool for self-diagnosis of problems by organization as it clearly bares the problem areas of the organization and highlights them. Even though it was proposed in the 1970's, it still has some use in today's ever changing organizations. The component elements of this model are:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

BCG Matrix is a simple tool. This tool is mostly used to understand and analyze business units and product lines. It was developed by Brucy Henderson of Boston Consulting Group. It is a powerful tool which can be used for resource allocation decisions in strategic management. Given below is a figure that represents the basic contours of a BCG matrix. This tool places business units/products/brands within four quadrants, based on their relative market share and market growth.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

The subject of information management is however distinct from information technology, even though there is a lot of dependence on information technology to manage information.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Organizations use several types of information systems to suit their needs. The various types of information systems that an organization uses may be classified into the following categories:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

A modern manager is a person who does the most important task within an organization taking decisions. However, we can categorize his tasks among the categories of staffing, planning, controlling, organizing and leading. We would have to say that different managers at different levels spend different amounts of time and effort in each of these categories of activities.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

The common thread of activity in all the management functions is information management. Every manager today has to manage loads of information some for the purpose of reporting and some for taking actionable decisions. A marketing manager trying to fine-tune a sales strategy would be doing it only after analyzing a lot of relevant information about the market, the customer profile, the product profile and competitor's pricing strategy.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

In order to understand the importance of MIS one must understand and appreciate the role that MIS plays in an organization. An organization may be conceived in a lot of ways. One can visualize an organization as a balance sheet or a function of financial statements, i.e., as a financial entity or as an organization chart delineating the decision-making hierarchy levels and formal communication channels. While both views are correct, the latter view is more appropriate for understanding an organization's MIS.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Information systems cannot deliver value from the first day in an organization. The organization needs time and maturity to be able to leverage the information system. Various organizations are at different levels of maturity in dealing with information systems. Nolan has provided a model for such information systems using maturity in organizations. However, empirical evidence is not available in favor of such models but intuitively, it seems correct. To leverage the benefits of information, an organization has to first appreciate the usefulness of information. This requires a change in the mindset and way of working. Organization culture needs to change to accommodate this kind of information-based working. Changing organizations takes time and hence, organizations pass through stages of maturity in dealing with information systems.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Information system is a special type of system that allows storage, retrieval and processing of data in a secure environment. Logically the major sub systems of information systems are:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Management is the often unseen force that helps bind an entire organization and helps it to achieve its objectives by conducting the activities of planning, directing, organizing and controlling. In an organization the structure of management conforms to the pattern of a pyramidal structure (in most cases) with a well-defined hierarchy.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Systems approach is widely used in problem solving in different contexts. Researchers in the field of science and technology have used it for quite some time now. Business problems can also be analyzed and solved using this approach. The following steps are required for this:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Different types of systems exist. Some are abstract concepts while others are operational ones. Given below are different types and classes of systems:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information and System Concepts

Control is essential for monitoring the output of systems and is exercised by means of control loops. It is necessary for monitoring the desired output of a system with the actual output so that the performance of the system can be measured and corrective action taken if required. Schoderbek, 1985 mentions four elements required for effective control:

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.