by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

A test oracle is a mechanism; different from the program itself that can be used to check the correctness of the output of the program for the test cases. Conceptually, we can consider testing a process in which the test cases are given to the test oracle and the program under testing.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

Analysis of programs by methodically analyzing the program text is called static analysis. Static analysis is usually performed mechanically by the aid of software tools. During static analysis the program itself is not executed, but the program text is the input to the tools .

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

A test case provides the description of inputs and their expected outputs to observe whether the software or a part of the software is working correctly. IEEE defines test case as 'a set of input values, execution preconditions, expected results and execution post conditions, developed for a particular objective or test condition such as to exercise a particular program path or to verify compliance with a specific requirement.' Generally, a test case is associated with details like identifier, name, purpose, required inputs, test conditions, and expected outputs.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

1.  Development time problem:


Some large systems take so long to develop that the technology (computer, software, hardware components) changes between the time the system is first conceptualized and the time it is ready for delivery to the user.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

The primary goal of the coding phase is to translate the given design into source code in a given programming language, so that code is simple, easy to test, and easy to understand and modify. Simplicity and clarity are the properties that a programmer should strive for.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

Many techniques for verification aim to reveals errors in the programs, because the ultimate goal is to make programs correct by removing the error. In proof of correctness, the aim is to prove a program correct. So, correctness is directly established, unlike the other techniques in which correctness is never really established but is implied by absence of detection of errors.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

The aim of testing is often to demonstrate that a program works by showing that it has no errors. This is the opposite of what testing should be viewed as.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

Termination analysis is performed when the development process is over. The basic reason for performing termination analysis is to provide information about the development process. Remember that a project is an instantiation of the process.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

Design Reviews: The purpose of design reviews is to ensure that the design satisfies the requirements and is of “good quality.” If errors are made during the design process, they will ultimately reflect themselves in the code and the final system. Detecting errors in design is the aim of design reviews.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

Software is expensive: Over the past decades, with the advancement of technology, the cost of hardware has consistently decreased. On the other hand, the cost of software is increasing. As a result, the hardware/software ratio for a computer system has shown a reversal from the early years.



 
About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.



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