by Dinesh Thakur Category: Classes in C++

Once a class is defined, it can be used to create variables of its type known as objects. The relation between an object and a class is the same as that of a variable and its data type.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Classes in C++

Member functions of a class can be defined either outside the class definition or inside the class definition. In both the cases, the function body remains the same, however, the function header is different.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Classes in C++

A class is a user-defined data type that binds data and the functions that operate on the data together in a single unit. Like other user-defined data types, it also needs to be defined before using its objects in the program. A class definition specifies a new data type that can be treated as a built-in data type.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Classes in C++

Polymorphism (a Greek word meaning having multiple forms) is the ability of an entity such as a function or a message to be processed in more than one form. It can also be defined as the property of an object belonging to a same or different class to respond to the same message or function in a different way. For example, if a message change_gear is passed to all the vehicles then the automobiles will respond to the message appropriately however, the pulled vehicles will not respond. The concept of polymorphism plays an important role in OOP as it allows an entity to be represented in various forms.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Classes in C++

Abstraction is a mechanism to' hide irrelevant details and represent only the essential features so that one can focus on important things at a time; It allows managing complex systems by concentrating on the essential features only. For example, while driving a car, a driver only knows the essential features to drive a car such as how to use clutch, brake, accelerator, gears, steering, etc., and least bothers about the internal details of the car like motor, engine, wiring, etc.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Classes in C++

A feature of some programming languages in which the same 0PERATORmay be used on different data types with different, but analogous, results. For example most languages permit the same operator + to add either INTEGER or FLOATING-POINT numbers, and many further allow it to be used to CONCATENATE strings, so that 'rag' + 'mop' produces 'ragmop'. A few languages, including C++, allow the programmer to create new operator overloading.



 

Page 2 of 6



About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.



Related Articles