by Dinesh Thakur Category: Directive tags

Directive tags are placed inside the JSP page to provide message to the JSP container.

Directive tags have this syntax:

<%@ directive {attr="value"}* %>. White space is optional after the '<%@' and before '%>'. This syntax is easy to type. Directives do not produce any output into the current out stream. There are three directives: the page, include directives and taglib.

Directive tags are those tags of JSP which do not produce output into current out stream and are placed only for messaging to the JSP container.

We are going to discuss directive tags and their utilization like importing packages, error page configuration and getting implicit object exception.

Types of Directive tags

Directive tags affect the overall structure of servlet that is generated from the JSP. These tags are used to set global values such as class declarations, methods to be implemented, output content type, etc. These tags provide directions by generating equivalent Java code in Java equivalent servlet. These are three types of directive tags which are as follows:

1. page directive

2. include directive

3. taglib directive

Page Directive

This tag provides global information to the JSP program. The programmer can use page directive multiple times in a JSP page. The page directive used on any part of the JSP page is automatically applied to the entire translation unit. It is a good programming style to place the page directive at the beginning of the JSP page.

The syntax as follows:

<%@page attributes%>;

XML based syntax

< attributes/>

Include Directive

This tag is used to include the code of destination program to source JSP program. So the request given to source JSP program executes its code and the included code. The included directives add the text of the included file to the JSP page without any processing or modification. The included file can be static or dynamic.

Syntax of include directive:

<%@include file = “destination resouce/file name"%>

XML based syntax:

<jsp:directive.include file="destination/file name"%>

The behaviour of include with respect to recompilation is container dependent, that means some servers recognize without recompilation and some do not.

Taglib Directive

The taglib directive in a JSP page declares that the page uses a tag library. It identifies the tag library using a URI and associates a tag prefix that differentiates the usage of actions in the library. If a JSP container implementation cannot locate a tag library description, then that results in fatal translation error.

The taglib directive tag is used to declare a custom tag library in a JSP page. The programmer creates his own tag to make Java code less JSP program. Xml syntax is not available for it. Syntax of taglib directive

<%@taglib uri="some name" prefix="unique name"%>

About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.