by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

Definition: Micro Computer is a small computer. Your personal computers are equivalent to the microcomputer. Mainframe and Mini Computer is ancestor of microcomputer. Integrated Circuit fabrication technology reduces the size of Mainframe and Minicomputer.
Technically, a microcomputer is a computer in which the CPU (central processing unit, the brains of the computer) is contained on one single chip, a microprocessor, input/output devices and storage (memory) unit. All these components are important for a proper working of microcomputer.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

Definition: A control unit (CU) (or controller, same thing) is a piece of hardware that manages the activities of peripherals (separate devices attached to the computer, such as monitors, hard drives, printers, etc.) Control units found on personal computers are usually contained on a single printed circuit board. The control unit acts as a sort of "go-between," executing transfers of information between the computer's memory and the peripheral. Although the CPU (central processing unit-the "big boss" in the computer) gives instructions to the controller, it is the control unit itself that performs the actual physical transfer of data.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

Definition: Semiconductors are widely used in electronics to make components such as diodes, transistors, thrusters, integrated circuits as well as semiconductor lasers. A ‘semiconductor’ is a material whose properties lie between conductors and insulators. The resistance in semiconductor decreases as there is an increase in temperature because as the temperature is increased, the electrons present in the valence band get excited and jumps into the conduction band, which increases the conductance and hence, resistance decreases.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

The terms Micro Channel, Micro Channel architecture, or just MCA, all refer to the same thing: a kind of expansion bus used in PCs. MCA was a distinct break from previous bus architectures such as Industry Standard Architecture. The pin connections in MCA are smaller than other bus interfaces. For this and other reasons, MCA does not support other bus architectures. Although MCA offers a number of improvements over other bus architectures, its proprietary, nonstandard aspects did not encourage other manufacturers to adopt it.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

Definition: Analog computer is that computer, which is use to process continuously varying data. Everything we see and hear is change continuously. This changeable continuous stream of data is called analog data. Analog computer can be used in scientific and industrial applications such as measure the electrical current, frequency and resistance of capacitor, etc.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

The Definition and meaning of mainframe has shifted from its original reference to the main housing, or frame, that contained the central processing unit (CPU) of the computer. In those days, all computers were big-like the size of a garage and the frame for the CPU might have been as big as a walk-in closet. Now mainframe refers to the kind of large computer that runs an entire corporation.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

Extended Industry Standard Architecture (in practice almost always shortened to EISA and frequently pronounced "eee-suh") that extends the ISA standard to a 32-bit interface. It was developed in part as an open alternative to the proprietary "Micro Channel Architecture (MCA)" that IBM introduced in its PS/2 computers. It is a bus standard for IBM compatible computers. It was announced in late 1988 by PC clone vendors as a counter to IBM's use of its proprietary Microchannel Architecture (MCA) in its PS/2 series.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

                                    NetBook

The concept of netbook is not so far from its portable design, but it is lighter and thinner, and limited storage than a laptop. Netbooks are like physical paper book; its design is just like a laptop. His name also reflects its main purpose: Net synonymous English Internet and book for "book", in short, the book for the Internet. The term netbook promoted by Intel.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

The term Ultrabook, what do they really mean? The ultrabook is a new Intel-defined format. Basically, it is a new way of calling notebooks or laptops, to differentiate a little ocean of varieties available. Unlike netbooks that are smaller but also less powerful, ultrabooks offer virtually the same comfort as laptops.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Introduction to Computer

What is 32-bit: 32-bit tells us that the number of bits that can be processed or transmitted. In another way, you can say that the number of bits that can be used for the single element in a data format.
32-bit is a type of CPU (Central Processing Unit) architecture that can transfer 32 bits of data per clock cycle or you can say that it is the amount of information that the CPU can process every time it performs an operation.



 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.



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