finally – The finally block always executes when the try block exits, except System.exit(0) call. This ensures that the finally block is executed even if an unexpected exception occurs. But finally is useful for more than just exception handling — it allows the programmer to avoid having cleanup code accidentally bypassed by a return, continue, or break. Putting cleanup code in a finally block is always a good practice, even when no exceptions are anticipated.
Different types of control statements: the decision making statements (if-then, if-then-else and switch), looping statements (while, do-while and for) and branching statements (break, continue and return).
Suppose, the value entered is say 121. It is assigned to an integer variable num. Now, num is divided by all the numbers from 2 to 8 (because a number can be divided by 1 and itself) (% rehrrns remainder). If the number is divided by any number from 2 to 8, its remainder will come to be 0 and in that case the message "Number is not prime" is displayed on the screen. 121 is not divisible by 2 but is no doubt divisible by 3 which returns remainder as 0 and hence it is not a prime number.
A Perfect Number is sum of its positive divisors, excluding the number itself. The First Perfect number is 6, For example 6 is a perfect number as 1,2 and3 are its divisors and the sum of divisors= ( 1 + 2 + 3) = 6.
Fibonacci series numbers are in the following Sequence: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144..., The first two number in Fibonacci series are 0 and 1, and each subsequent next number is the sum of the previous two Numbers.
Fibonacci Series is series of Natural Number in the Sequence of: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55...., The first two number in Fibonacci series are 0 and 1, where next number is equivalent to sum of previous two number. in this example we use Recursion method , Recursion means calling the same function again and again to reduce the complexity of the problem solved.
When there is requirement of several branching i.e. if we need several if statements, it is better to use switch statement. In other words, switch is a variation of if statement which performs multiway branching.
The while loop is a construct that repeatedly executes a block of code as long as a boolean condition remains true. The logical expression in while loop is evaluated first. If the logical expression evaluates to false, the body of while loop will not execute even once. If the logical expression in while evaluates to true, the statements in the body of while loop are executed. After executing the body, control jumps again at the top to recheck whether the boolean expression is still true or not. The body of the loop will continue to execute until the expression evaluates to false. When the logical expression becomes false, control continues the execution with the statements following while loop.
Java.io.Console class is a new class in Java 6 that may be used for reading text from character based console device. The data can be read from the console device provided it is associated with the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
This statement helps in choosing one set of statement out of two sets depending on the validity of the logical expression included. It is also known as conditional branch statement as it is used to route program execution through two different paths.
We can use a switch as part of the statement sequence of an outer switch. This is called a nested switch. Since a switch statement defines its own block, no conflicts arise between the case constants in the inner switch and those in the outer switch.
The do loop enables us to repeatedly execute a block of code until a boolean expression evaluates to false. It is almost identical to the while loop with the difference that here the logical expression is evaluated at the bottom of the loop rather than the top. This means that the contents of the loop will execute at least once.
In this example we use BufferedReader class for Reading text from a character-input stream. After Enter any 5 Number we check if number ==0 then is zero if number greater than 0 then it is positive other wise negative.
Nested loop means one loop inside the other. When a loop is written inside the other loop, a condition is essential to maintain: the inner loop will not cross the boundary of the outer loop. That is, the inner loop will begin and end inside the outer loop. We can have any number of loops one inside the other.
Stack-This class is a predefined class of java.uti1package. A stack represents a group of elements stored in LIFO (Last In Fast Out) order. This means that the element stored as a last element in the stack will be the first element to be removed from the stack.
In "PigLatin" a word such as KING is replaced by INGKAYand TROUBLE is replaced by OUBLETRAY and so on. The first vowel of the original word becomes the start of the translation, any proceeding letters being shifted towards the end and followed by AYwords that begin with vowels are left on changed.