by Dinesh Thakur Category: DIGITAL CONCEPTS

DIP is an acronym that stands for dual inline package and refers to the physical layout of most computer chips. The standard chip looks like a bug, or a little rectangular box with legs. Those two rows of metal legs are the "pins" that connect the chip to the computer's circuits. The whole chip is referred to as a "package," and it's a dual inline package because the pins are lined up in two rows. 



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: DIGITAL CONCEPTS

DIP switches are those nasty, tiny plastic toggle switches that come mounted together in a row on a little box-like part attached to your computer's motherboard or on some of your add-in boards. Each individual switch in a DIP switch unit can be set either on or off, allowing you to control some aspect of your computer's function. For example, on the older IBM pcs and compatibles, you had to set the DIP switches to match the amount of memory installed in your computer, to tell it what kind of monitor you had, and so on. On the add-in modem board I just installed, I had to flip some of the DIP switches so the computer would know where to find the board electronically.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: DIGITAL CONCEPTS

This was first created by an English mathematician named George Boole in 1847 and yet, in one of the strange quirks of the computer industry, is now used in everything from circuit design to searching the Internet. In essence Boole developed a system for reducing complex questions into simple yes or no answers by using what are known as truth tables, sometimes called gates.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: DIGITAL CONCEPTS

Definition: A diode is an electronic component that allows the flow of current in only one direction and when the current flows in the other direction, then it blocks the current. The name diode is derived from the word “di-ode” which means that a device having two electrodes. Thus, a diode has two electrodes one electrode is known as the anode and the other electrodes are known as the cathode.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: DIGITAL CONCEPTS

Definition: Capacitor or Condenser is an insulating medium that can separate two conducting surfaces.The insulating medium is called dielectric constant or relative permittivity of the material. Most commonly used dielectric materials in the capacitor are air, mica, and paper, ceramic, plastic.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: DIGITAL CONCEPTS

Definition: Resistance (Represented by R) offers hindrance to the flow of current in an electrical circuit. It is measured in ohms, which is named after its developer George Simon Ohm. He is a German physicist, who has studied the relationship between voltage, current and resistance and tells us that when one volt of voltage is applied across the component and one ampere of current is passed through it, then the resistance offered by that component is one ohm. The symbol used for resistance is the Greek letter omega (Ω).

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: BINARY CODE

Excess-3, also called XS3, is a non-weighted code used to express decimal number-s. It is another important binary code. It is particularly significant for arithmetic operations as it overcomes the shortcomings encountered while using the 8421 BCD code to add two decimal digits whose sum exceeds 9. This code is used in some old computers.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: BINARY CODE

Earlier computers were used only for the purpose of calculations i.e. they were only used as a calculating device. But now computers are not just used for numeric representations, they are also used to represent information such as names, addresses, item descriptions etc. Such information is represented using letters and symbols. Computer is a digital system and can only deal with l's and 0’s. So to deal with letters and symbols they use alphanumeric codes.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: BINARY CODE

The binary coded decimal (BCD) is a type of binary code used to represent a given decimal number in an equivalent binary form. Its main advantage is that it allows easy conversion to decimal digits for printing or display and faster calculations.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: BINARY CODE

Digital data is represented, stored and transmitted as groups of binary digits also known as binary code. The binary codes can be classified as shown in Fig.



 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.



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