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by Dinesh Thakur

DSS have been classified in different ways as the concept matured with time. As. and when the full potential and possibilities for the field emerged, different classification systems also emerged. Some of the well known classification models are given below:

 
by Dinesh Thakur

Tremendous amounts of content get created everyday in organization. Most organizations do not have a structured approach to managing such content. However, there is a need for having a scientific approach towards content and its management especially in the digital environment where content gets created and updated much faster. A content management is therefore required in organizations to support the organization and to keep track of the huge volume of content that gets created everyday.

 
by Dinesh Thakur

Organizations are structured in several ways. In some cases the functional roles and specializations form the basis of the segregation of groups into homogenous entities like departments, etc., while in other cases, logical business of the organization becomes the basis for segregation like divisions based on product categories, geographies (particularly related to markets) and also customer types? Organizational activities arranged in the form of a hierarchy can be based on the following types:

 
by Dinesh Thakur

Organizations and management are concepts that are very important for the understanding of MIS. Organization is the crucible in which MIS operates and management is the reason for its existence. Any understanding of MIS is incomplete without a discussion on organization and management. Organization and its structure play an important role in MIS as different levels of employees have different levels of authority.

 
by Dinesh Thakur

Different kinds of system may be understood as

 
by Dinesh Thakur

A Business Expert System (BES) is a knowledge based information system, which is based on artificial intelligence. A Knowledge Based information system adds a knowledge base that uses its knowledge about a specific, complex application area to act as an expert. 



 
by Dinesh Thakur

 DSS is an information system application that helps in decision-making. DSS is used in planning and analyzing alternatives. DSS differs from most traditional information system in that each DSS is distinct from the other information system and is specifically made for managers.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Executive Support System (ESS) is an extension of the management information system, which is a special kind of DSS; An ESS is specially developed for the use of chief executive of an organization to support his decision-making.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Office automation refers to the application of computer and communication technology to office functions. Office automation systems are meant to improve the productivity of managers at various levels of management by providing secretarial assistance and better communication facilities.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Decision Support System refers to a class of systems which support in the process of decision making and does not always give a decision it self. Decision Support Systems (DSS) are a specific class of computerized information system that supports business and organizational decisionmaking activities.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

The discipline of MIS can be categorized in the following 6 classes:

i)    Transaction Processing System (TPS)
ii)   Management Information System (MIS)
iii)  Decision Support System (DSS)
iv)  Executive Support System (ESS)
v)   Office Automation Systems (OASs), and
vi)   Business Expert Systems (BESs)

 
by Dinesh Thakur

Structure of MIS may be understood by looking at the physical components of the information system in an organization. The physical components of an organizational information system may be hardware, software, database, manual procedures and operating persons. A brief description of these components has been outlined in the following paragraphs: 



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Functional Information System is based on the various business functions such as Production,  Marketing, Finance and Personnel etc. These departments or functions are known as functional areas of business. Each functional area requires applications to perform all information processing related to the function. The popular functional areas of the business organization are:



 
by Dinesh Thakur

A business has several information systems :

 

a) Formal Information System

b) Informal Information System

c) Computer Based Information System



 
by Dinesh Thakur

The word system is derived from the Greek word “system” which means a organized relationship among the following unit or component. "A system is an orderly grouping of interdependent components linked together according to a plan to achieve a specific goal".