by Dinesh Thakur Category: Decisions and Conditions

Loop statements allow you to execute one or more lines of code repetitively. Visual Basic supports the following loop statements:

Do……Loop : The Do……Loop executes a block of statements for as long as a condition is True. Visual Basic evaluates an expression, and if it’s True, the statements are executed. If the expression is False, the program continues and the statement following the loop is executed.

 

There are two variations of the Do……Loop statement. A loop can be executed either while the condition is True or until the condition becomes True. These two variations use the keywords While and Until to specify how long the statements are executed. To execute a block of statements while a condition is true, use the following syntax :

 

Do While condition

statement block

Loop

 

To execute a block of statements until the condition becomes True, use the following syntax :

 

Do Until condition

statement block

Loop

 

Another variation of the Do loop executes the statements first and evaluates the condition after each execution. This Do…Loop has the following syntax :

 

Do

statements

Loop While condition

Or

Do

statements

Loop Until condition

 

For…..Next : The For…….Next loop is one of the oldest loop structures in programming languages. Unlike the Do….loop, the For …..Next loop requires that you know how many times the statements in the loop will be executed. The For…Next loop uses a variable(it’s called the loop’s counter) that increases or decreases in value during each repetition of the loop. The

 

For…..Next loop has the following syntax :

 

For counter=start to end[Step increment]

statements

Next[counter]

 

The keywords in the square brackets are optional. The arguments counter, start, end and increment are all numeric. The loop is executed as many times as required for the counter to reach the end value.

While ………Wend : The while……wend loop executes a block of statements while a condition is True. The while…..wend loop has the following syntax :

 

While condition

statement - block

Wend

 

If condition is true, all statements are executed and when the Wend statement is reached, control is returned to the While statement which evaluates condition again. If condition is still True, the process is repeated. If condition is False, the program resumes with the statement following the Wend statement.

 



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Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.