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by Dinesh Thakur Category: Naming and Addressing

• The fast growth of Internet led to the near depletion of the available addresses.

• We have run out of class A and B addresses, and a class C block is too small for most midsize organizations.

• To overcome the problem of address depletion and give more organizations access to internet, classess addressing was designed and implemented.

• In this scheme, there are no classes, but the addresses are still granted in blocks.

• In classless addressing, when an entity, small or large, needs to be connected to Internet, it is granted a block or range of addresses.

• The size of the block (the number of addresses) varies based on the nature and size of the entry. For example, a household may be given only two addresses; a large organization may be given thousands of addresses. An ISP, may be given thousands or hundreds of thousands based on the number of customer it may serve.

• To simplify the handling of addresses, the Internet authorities impose three restrictions on classless address blocks:

 

1. The addresses in a block must be contiguous, one after the other.

2. The number of addresses in a block must be a power of 2 (1, 2, 4,8, .... ).

3. The first address must be evenly divisible by the number of address.

• For example, a block of addresses (both in binary and dotted decimal notation) granted to a small business that needs 16 addresses.

• As shown in figure certain restrictions are applied to this block. The addresses are contiguous. The number of addresses is a power of 2 (16=24), and the first address is divisible by 16. The first address, converted to decimal number, is 3,440,387,360, which whet divided by 16 results in 215,024,210.

                          A Block of 16 Addresses granted to a small organization

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.



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