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by Dinesh Thakur Category: Javascript String

JavaScript String Object: Strings are an important part of any programming language. Whether you are storing a person’s last name or the name of a product in inventory, a string is often the best way to store that value. A string is any text inside a quote pair. A quote pair consists of either double quotes or single quotes.

 

The String object provides properties and methods to get information about strings or to modify strings. A String object is created in either of two ways: a programmer creates one by using the new keyword with the constructor function, or JavaScript creates one temporarily when one of the methods is called from a string literal. Consequently, JavaScript provides lot of methods for working with and manipulating strings.

 

The String Object

One way to create a String object is to use the new keyword. The syntax is shown here:

 

var instance_name = new String("string value here");

 

You replace instance_name with the name you want to use for the instance of the String object. You then replace string value here with the string of characters to use as the new String object. So, if you want to create an instance of the String object named guitar_string, you could use the following code:

 

var guitar_string = new String("G");

This script creates an instance of the String object for the string “G”. Although creating a String object with the new keyword can be useful for things such as comparing String objects, string literals are used more often.


The String Literal

 

You can create a string literal just by assigning a string value to a variable. This technique is a bit shorter than creating a String object using the new keyword and still allows you to use all the methods of the String object (as well as one of the properties).

 

A string literal is created in the code that follows. Notice that the code assigns a string value to a variable.

var guitar_string = "G";

This makes the string “G” a string literal, which you know as a regular text string. With text strings, you’re also allowed to use the properties and methods of the String object.

 

What’s the Difference?

The difference between a String object and a string literal is that a regular text string has the value of the string itself, and it can be compared against another string easily, as in the following code:

 

JavaScript String Object

Because this code uses regular string literals, the result is what you’d expect. An alert says that the strings are the same.

 

However, if you used String objects to run through the same if block, you would see something unexpected. The code that follows uses String objects instead:

 

JavaScript String Object

This time the alert would tell you that the strings are not the same, even though the string values are both “E” because a String object is an object value and not a literal value. Objects aren’t going to be equal to one another in the same way regular text strings would be. To find out if two objects are equal, you would have to write extra code to determine that. For most purposes, you wouldn’t want to go to all that trouble. Instead, you would probably use string literals and let them use the String object’s methods.

 

A regular text string is able to use the String object’s methods because JavaScript takes the string literal and turns it into a temporary String object. Once the method’s execution is complete, it returns a string literal. This allows you to use the String object’s methods without having to create String objects.

The String object has only three properties.

JavaScript String Object

The String object has a lot of methods, yes, this list is quite long!

JavaScript String Object





About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to contact us.



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