by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Data : Data is raw facts. Data is like raw material. Data does not interrelate and also it does not help in decision making. Data is defined as groups of non-random symbols in the form of text, images, voice representing quantities, action and objects.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

To facilitate the management decision making at all levels of company, the MIS must be integrated. MIS units are company wide. MIS is available for the Top management. The top management of company should play an active role in designing, modifying and maintenance of the total organization wide management information system.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

 Factors Responsible for the development of MIS are numerous and have been a prime concern for many Researchers and Practitioners. Both Inter and external factors must be taken into account when trying to understand and organization’s criteria for deciding about technology. The following are the factors which are responsible for development of MIS :

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

(i) Qualified System and Management Staff : The prerequisite of an effective MIS is that it should be managed by qualified officers. These officers should have a mutual understanding about the roles and responsibilities of each other and be understand clearly the view of their fellow officers. For this, each organization should have two categories of officers :

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

The main managerial functions are:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Traditional Marketing: In traditional marketing, more importance is given on selling the product. They start with production and marketing is done while selling and promoting the product to attain sales at profit. In this technique, the existing products are imposed on the market through aggressive selling and promotional pressures.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

A management information system has the following characteristics:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

MIS is set up by an organization with the prime objective to obtain management information to be used by its managers in decision-making. Thus, MIS must perform the following functions in order to meet its objectives.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Quality of information refers to its fitness for use or its reliability. Some of the attributes of information which influence the quality of information are as follows:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

DSS have been classified in different ways as the concept matured with time. As. and when the full potential and possibilities for the field emerged, different classification systems also emerged. Some of the well known classification models are given below:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Tremendous amounts of content get created everyday in organization. Most organizations do not have a structured approach to managing such content. However, there is a need for having a scientific approach towards content and its management especially in the digital environment where content gets created and updated much faster. A content management is therefore required in organizations to support the organization and to keep track of the huge volume of content that gets created everyday.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Organizations are structured in several ways. In some cases the functional roles and specializations form the basis of the segregation of groups into homogenous entities like departments, etc., while in other cases, logical business of the organization becomes the basis for segregation like divisions based on product categories, geographies (particularly related to markets) and also customer types? Organizational activities arranged in the form of a hierarchy can be based on the following types:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Organizations and management are concepts that are very important for the understanding of MIS. Organization is the crucible in which MIS operates and management is the reason for its existence. Any understanding of MIS is incomplete without a discussion on organization and management. Organization and its structure play an important role in MIS as different levels of employees have different levels of authority.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Different kinds of system may be understood as

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

A Business Expert System (BES) is a knowledge based information system, which is based on artificial intelligence. A Knowledge Based information system adds a knowledge base that uses its knowledge about a specific, complex application area to act as an expert. 



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

 DSS is an information system application that helps in decision-making. DSS is used in planning and analyzing alternatives. DSS differs from most traditional information system in that each DSS is distinct from the other information system and is specifically made for managers.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Executive Support System (ESS) is an extension of the management information system, which is a special kind of DSS; An ESS is specially developed for the use of chief executive of an organization to support his decision-making.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Office automation refers to the application of computer and communication technology to office functions. Office automation systems are meant to improve the productivity of managers at various levels of management by providing secretarial assistance and better communication facilities.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

Decision Support System refers to a class of systems which support in the process of decision making and does not always give a decision it self. Decision Support Systems (DSS) are a specific class of computerized information system that supports business and organizational decisionmaking activities.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Structure and Classification

The discipline of MIS can be categorized in the following 6 classes:

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.