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by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

A development process consists of various phases, each phase ending with a defined output. The phases are performed in an order specified by the process model being followed. The main reason for having a phased process is that it breaks the problem of developing software into successfully performing a set of phase, each handling a different concern of software development.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

A software process as mentioned earlier, specifies a method of development software. A software project, on the other hand is a development project in which a software process is used. And software products are the outcomes of a software project.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

There are four types of maintenance, namely, corrective, adaptive, perfective, and preventive. Corrective maintenance is concerned with fixing errors that are observed when the software is in use. Adaptive maintenance is concerned with the change in the software that takes place to make the software adaptable to new environment such as to run the software on a new operating system. Perfective maintenance is concerned with the change in the software that occurs while adding new functionalities in the software. Preventive maintenance involves implementing changes to prevent the occurrence of errors. The distribution of types of maintenance by type and by percentage of time consumed.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

IEEE defines requirements analysis as (1) the process of studying user needs to arrive at a definition of a system, hardware or software requirements. (2) The process of studying and refining system, hardware or software requirements.' Requirements analysis helps to understand, interpret, classify, and organize the software requirements in order to assess the feasibility, completeness, and consistency of the requirements. Various other tasks performed using requirements analysis are listed below.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

The rapid application development model emphasizes on delivering projects in small pieces. If the project is large, it is divided into a series of smaller projects. Each of these smaller projects is planned and delivered individually. Thus, with a series of smaller projects, the final project is delivered quickly and in a less structured manner. The major characteristic of the RAD model is that it focuses on the reuse of code, processes, templates, and tools.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

While selecting test cases the primary objectives is to ensure that if there is an error or fault in the program, it is exercised by one of the test cases. An ideal test case set is one that succeeds (meaning that its execution reveals no errors) only if there are no errors in the program.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

In the build and fix model (also referred to as an ad hoc model), the software is developed without any specification or design. An initial product is built, which is then repeatedly modified until it (software) satisfies the user. That is, the software is developed and delivered to the user. The user checks whether the desired functions 'are present. If not, then the software is changed according to the needs by adding, modifying or deleting functions. This process goes on until the user feels that the software can be used productively. However, the lack of design requirements and repeated modifications result in loss of acceptability of software. Thus, software engineers are strongly discouraged from using this development approach.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

Any large project involves certain risks, and that is true for software projects. Risk management is an emerging area that aims to address the problem of identifying and managing the risks associated with a software project.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

The software engineering deals with three basic types of entities – processes, project, and products. A software process is a method of developing software. A software project is a development project in which a software process is used. And software products are the outcomes of a software project.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Software Engineering

The test plan focuses on how the testing for the project will proceed, which units will be tested and what approaches (and tools) are to be used during the various stages of testing. However it does not deals with details of testing a unit nor does it specify which test case are to be used.

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to contact us.



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