Sending cookies to the client involves the following steps,
1. Create a Cookie object.
2. Setting the maximum age.
3. Placing the Cookie into the HTTP response headers.
We’ll be covering the following topics in this tutorial:
Creating a Cookie Object
You create a cookie by calling the Cookie constructor that takes the following form Cookie(String cookieName, String cookieValue)
Cookie c = new cookie (“email”, “[email protected]”);
It creates a cookie c with a name email and value [email protected]
Setting the Maximum Age (OPTIONAL)
By default, when a cookie is sent to the browser it is stored in the browser’s memory and deleted when the user closes the browser. If you want to store the cookie on the hard disk instead of memory, use setMaxAge () method to specify how long (in seconds) the browser should keep the cookie before it expires. For example, on using the statements
The browser will delete the cookie after 60 minutes.
Place the Cookie in Response Headers
After creating the cookie object and calling the setMaxAge () method, the next step is to send the cookie to the client. In order to send the cookie, call the addCookie () method of HttpServletResponse. This method will insert the cookie into a Set-Cookie response header. For example,
Now let us consider a servlet that will create two cookies named Name and email and send it to the client.
public class setCookie extends HttpServlet
public void doGet (HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse
response) throws ServletException, IOException
//set content type and other response header fields first
//write the response of the data
out = response.getWriter ();
//create a cookie
Cookie c1 = new Cookie (“name”, “Daljeet”);
Cookie c2= new Cookie (“email”, “[email protected]”);
out.println (“<HTML> <HEAD> <TITLE>”);
out.println (“Settings cookies”);
out.println (“</TITLE> </HEAD> <BODY>”);
out.println (“Two cookies are set named: name and email”);
out.println (“</BODY> </HTML>”);
Output: Two cookies are set named: name and email