by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

Bleed refers to any element on a page that is printed beyond the edge of the paper. Whenever you see anything (text, graphics, photographs) that is printed right up to the edge of the paper, it was actually printed onto larger paper over the margin guidelines, and the paper was trimmed.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

A cluster is the smallest single unit of the space on a disk (a hard disk or a floppy or even an optical disc) that your computer's operating system keeps track of separately. The operating system keeps systematic records of which clusters are occupied by each file stored on the disk (in DOS, this is called the file allocation table, or FAT). Clusters usually consist of more than one sector, a sector being the smallest unit of disk space that the computer can read data from or write data on. There are too many sectors on a hard disk to keep track of them all individually, so the operating system deals with them in groups called clusters instead.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

A card, or printed circuit board, also known as a board, is a piece of plastic with chips attached to it. Chips are the tiny little circuits that run the computer. You buy a card and stick it inside the computer box. You can get accelerator cards (boards) that make your computer run faster, video cards that give your computer more graphic capability, and clock cards and printer cards or whole computers on a card. They range in price depending on what they do, who makes them, and so on. For instance, an accelerator card can cost $300-$1500.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

A device driver is a piece of software designed for a particular device (printer, mouse, monitor, or what have you) and the particular application program or environment you're working with. The driver serves as a go between for the program (or environment) and the device, translating the software's desires into commands the device understands.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

"AirDrop" is a very handy feature and easy to use for wireless file transfer between Mac, even outside the context of a home network. AirDrop arrived on the iPad and iPhone with iOS 7 and on Mac with Mac OS X Lion. Indeed not need a router or even connect to an existing Wi-Fi or Bluetooth network to use "AirDrop". There is nothing to set up, all you need is a recent Mac ("AirDrop" indeed requires a recent Mac to be activated) and communication will be made directly between Wi-Fi cards Mac (ad-hoc mode).

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

A bug is a problem in software or hardware; to debug is to diagnose and correct said problem. Software programs inevitably develop bugs due to mistakes in planning or simply from accidentally typing the wrong command. Before a program can run properly, all bugs have to be found and corrected. A debugger is an application developed for the specific purpose of finding these problems; it lets the programmer run the program one step at a time so that she can see exactly where the mistake occurs.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

Boot Record: A set of crucial data written on the BOOTSECTOR of a HARDDISK or FLOPPYDISK that contains the information required by the INITIAL PROGRAM LOADER to locate a copy of the operating system on the disk and load it into memory. Damage to the boot record can prevent the computer from booting from that disk, and render the disk's other contents inaccessible; many disk repair utilities work by preserving and restoring backup copies of the boot record. Some types of VIRUS hide themselves within the boot record.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

Information that is digital is information represented by numbers (digits) or more broadly, information that can be measured in discreet, exact values. The opposite term is analog, which describes information represented along a continuous range, where there are an infinite number of possible values. Trite as it may be, the best way to understand the difference between digital and analog is to compare a digital clock to a traditional round clock with hands.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

Sometimes, like in a school computer lab or in an office, you need to hook up several computers to one printer, or several computers need to connect to one file server, or maybe you have several devices (such as a scanner and a CD-ROM player) that you need to hook into one computer. Well, the only way to connect all these devices together, since there is only one port, or connecting place, on the back of the computer, is to connect each object (each device) to the next one in line, making a daisy chain.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Computer Terms

A device just means any kind of component that's part of or attached to your computer. It can be located inside or outside the computer. A mouse, for example, is a device that sits outside the computer, while an internal disk drive (another device) is inside the computer. Devices need instructions on how to communicate with the printer or the rest of the computer, and sometimes those instructions aren't part of the computer's standard operating system.



 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.



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