by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

There are three types of storage that we can use for our files:HDDs, SSDs, and cloud-based storage.

In some cases, we have the option of foregoing one type in favor of another when looking for more capacity, faster load times, or dynamically shifting capacities. Read on to determine which applications are best suited to which storage types.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

A typical hard disk is built right into your computer or is housed in a box nearby-and you never see the actual hard disk or take it out of its container. A cartridge hard disk, though, is removable. It works kind of like a giant floppy disk in that it slips into a slot in a special kind of removable hard drive case (actually, it's more like sliding a video tape into a VCR).

A typical cartridge hard disk holds 44 megabytes (there are also 88s), costs as little as $40, and is about as big as a cheese sandwich with no lettuce. The drive (the case) that you put the cartridge into costs from $450 to $1000.But once you have the hard drive, buying a new cartridge is the cheapest way to increase the amount of hard disk space you have.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

In computer graphics, we used many terms like pixel, dot, resolution, sharpness, Quality of picture. All these terms are used during softcopy and hardcopy output. When we talk about softcopy output, we generally deal with pixels. Hardcopy output considers the term dots pitch for picture quality. Quality of printed media depends upon the distance of dots. Density means; how many dots are located under per inch area. Greater the DPI, more enhancement and focus on the quality of printed media.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Definition: SDRAM stands for Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory. SDRAM operates more efficiently as it works according to the synchronization of the clock. This makes it easy to manage faster, and the speed of the SDRAM measured in MHz instead of nanoseconds. SDRAM introduced in 1969-70. It most widely used in computers. Nowadays it is also used in other systems.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

In terms of computing’s history, we’re just beginning to scratch the surface of the lifestyle applications of touch-sensitive gadgets. In this article, we’ll take a look at two of the most important touch-based input technologies used in computers, smartphones, laptops, and tablets.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Whether you’re looking to replace a failed drive or upgrading to get more capacity and faster access times, installing a hard drive is simple. Just follow these steps to insert, secure, and power a new HDD in your desktop PC.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Definition: NVRAM stands for Non-Volatile Random Access Memory. It is a kind of RAM that can store the data even when there is no power. Ex:- Flash memory is a kind of NVRAM.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

There are Many Functions those are Performed by the Operating System But the Main Goal of Operating System is to Provide the Interface between the user and the hardware Means Provides the Interface for Working on the System by the user. The various Functions those are Performed by the Operating System are as Explained below:-

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

There are Many Operating Systems those have be Developed for Performing the Operations those are requested by the user. There are Many Operating Systems which have the Capability to Perform the Requests those are received from the System. The Operating system can perform a Single Operation and also Multiple Operations at a Time. So there are many types of Operating systems those are organized by using their Working Techniques.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Booting: When we start our Computer then there is an operation which is performed automatically by the Computer which is also called as Booting. In the Booting, System will check all the hardware’s and Software’s those are installed or Attached with the System and this will also load all the Files those are needed for running a system.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Cache definition : The Cache Memory (Pronounced as "cash") is the volatile computer memory which is very nearest to the CPU so also called CPU memory, all the Recent Instructions are Stored into the Cache Memory. It is the fastest memory that provides high-speed data access to a computer microprocessor. Cache meaning is that it is used for storing the input which is given by the user and which is necessary for the computer microprocessor to Perform a Task. But the Capacity of the Cache Memory is too low in compare to Memory (random access memory (RAM)) and Hard Disk.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Operating System is the System Software that makes the Computer work. We can say that an Operating System (OS) is Software that acts as an interface between you and the hardware. It not only contains drivers used to speak the hardware's language, but also offers you a very specific graphical user interface (GUI) to control the computer.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Operating System Definition: It is a software that works as an interface between a user and the computer hardware. The primary objective of an operating system is to make computer system convenient to use and to utilize computer hardware in an efficient manner. The operating system performs the basic tasks such as receiving input from the keyboard, processing instructions and sending output to the screen.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Files: As we know that Computers are used for storing the information for a Permanent Time or the Files are used for storing the Data of the users for a Long time Period. And the files can contains any type of information means they can Store the text, any Images or Pictures or any data in any Format. So that there must be Some Mechanism those are used for Storing the information, Accessing the information and also Performing Some Operations on the files.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Fragmentation occurs in a dynamic memory allocation system when many of the free blocks are too small to satisfy any request.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

To overcome the problem of underutilization of CPU and main memory, the multiprogramming was introduced. The multiprogramming is interleaved execution of multiple jobs by the same computer.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

A time sharing system allows many users to share the computer resources simultaneously. In other words, time sharing refers to the allocation of computer resources in time slots to several programs simultaneously. For example a mainframe computer that has many users logged on to it. Each user uses the resources of the mainframe -i.e. memory, CPU etc. The users feel that they are exclusive user of the CPU, even though this is not possible with one CPU i.e. shared among different users.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Distributed Operating System is a model where distributed applications are running on multiple computers linked by communications. A distributed operating system is an extension of the network operating system that supports higher levels of communication and integration of the machines on the network.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Multiprocessor Operating System refers to the use of two or more central processing units (CPU) within a single computer system. These multiple CPUs are in a close communication sharing the computer bus, memory and other peripheral devices. These systems are referred as tightly coupled systems.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Operating System

Both the Shell and the Kernel are the Parts of this Operating System. These Both Parts are used for performing any Operation on the System. When a user gives his Command for Performing Any Operation, then the Request Will goes to the Shell Parts, The Shell Parts is also called as the Interpreter which translate the Human Program into the Machine Language and then the Request will be transferred to the Kernel. So that Shell is just called as the interpreter of the Commands which Converts the Request of the User into the Machine Language. 

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.