map() is a built-in function that executes a specified function on all the elements of an iterator and returns a
map object (an iterator) for retrieving the results. The elements are sent to the function as a parameter. An iterator, for example, can be a list, a tuple, a string, etc., and it returns an iterable map object.
Syntax of map function in python
The syntax for the
map() function is as follows:
Syntax: map(function, iterable[, iterable1, iterable2,.., iterableN])
• Function: A mandatory function that will be applied to all the elements of a given iterable.
• Iterable: It is iterable and must be mapped. It could be a list, a tuple and so on. Many iterator objects may be passed to the
map() applies a given function to every element of an iterable and returns an iterable map object, i.e. a tuple, a list, etc.
Python map() example
Let’s write a function to be used with
#function to square the value passed to it
def square(x): return x * x
It’s a simple function that returns the square of the input object.
#creating a list my_list = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] result = map(square, my_list) #prints a list containing the square values print(result)
map() function takes the square function and
my_list iterable. Any element in
my_list is passed by
map() to square function.
The function will print iterator elements with white space.
Python map() Function Example Using a Lambda Function
The first argument for
map() is a function, which we use to apply to each element. For each aspect of the iterable, Python calls the function once and returns the manipulated element to a map object.
The syntax of map() with a lambda function is as follows:
map(lambda argument(s): expression)
We may implement a
lambda function for a list like below with an expression we would like to use for each object in our list:
n = [5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30]
We may use
lambda to use an expression against any of our numbers.
mapped = list(map(lambda x: x * x, n))
We declare elements here as x in our list. And we multiply by the same element. We move our number list as the
We print a listing of the map object to get the results immediately:
Complete Program and output: